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harry’s memorandum

おれおれメモ

ssh-copy-id: Bourne shell script text executable

linux ssh shell

ssh-copy-idは便利だね。何も考えたくなければこれでいいし。

$ ssh-copy-id myuser@example.com

中身はシェルスクリプトだったりする。

$ file /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: Bourne shell script text executable

cat /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id すると中身は結構短い。

#!/bin/sh

# Shell script to install your id_rsa.pub on a remote machine
# Takes the remote machine name as an argument.
# Obviously, the remote machine must accept password authentication,
# or one of the other keys in your ssh-agent, for this to work.

ID_FILE="${HOME}/.ssh/id_rsa.pub"

if [ "-i" = "$1" ]; then
  shift
  # check if we have 2 parameters left, if so the first is the new ID file
  if [ -n "$2" ]; then
    if expr "$1" : ".*\.pub" ; then
      ID_FILE="$1"
    else
      ID_FILE="$1.pub"
    fi
    shift         # and this should leave $1 as the target name
  fi
else
  if [ x$SSH_AUTH_SOCK != x ] ; then
    GET_ID="$GET_ID ssh-add -L"
  fi
fi

if [ -z "`eval $GET_ID`" ] && [ -r "${ID_FILE}" ] ; then
  GET_ID="cat ${ID_FILE}"
fi

if [ -z "`eval $GET_ID`" ]; then
  echo "$0: ERROR: No identities found" >&2
  exit 1
fi

if [ "$#" -lt 1 ] || [ "$1" = "-h" ] || [ "$1" = "--help" ]; then
  echo "Usage: $0 [-i [identity_file]] [user@]machine" >&2
  exit 1
fi

{ eval "$GET_ID" ; } | ssh $1 "umask 077; test -d .ssh || mkdir .ssh ; cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys" || exit 1

cat <<EOF
Now try logging into the machine, with "ssh '$1'", and check in:

  .ssh/authorized_keys

to make sure we haven't added extra keys that you weren't expecting.

EOF


shは便利なんだけど、こういう書き方をしないとNULLSTRINGのチェックができないのは未だになれない。10年たってもなれない。

  if [ x$SSH_AUTH_SOCK != x ] ; then


いつも authorized_keys のタイプ間違えそうになるので ssh-copy-idとても便利です。ssh-copy-idはたいへん便利です。